Located behind the cheekbones and forehead are small, air-filled cavities known as sinuses. There are totally four pairs of sinuses which are located in the head; two sinuses behind the forehead, two at either side of the bridge of the nose, two behind the eyes and two behind the cheekbones.
Known to help control the temperature as well as water content of the air that reached your lungs, the sinuses open up into the cavity of your nose. The mucus that is produced by the sinuses usually drain into the nose, through these small channels. However, at times when the sinuses get inflamed and infected the channels get blocked.
A runny nose, a bad cough, frequent headaches, sinus congestion….these all may be signs that you may be suffering from more than merely a cold. A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis is known to commonly affect people many Indians as well as people across the world. This ailment may also be known as rhinosinusitis. This ailment is known to primarily be caused due to a number of autoimmune issues, allergies as well as infections.
Some of the common sinusitis causes include either allergic reaction to fungi, bacterial or viral infections. This chronic infection is known to be result in an inflammation of the lining of the sinuses. The viral infection is known to affect the respiratory tract where it begins and then enter into the nasal passage.
It may also occur when pollutants or allergens enter into the nasal passage. These pollutants or allergens are known to cause the mucous membranes to swell up, which stops the flow of mucus. This may severely affect the nasal passage and may even block the entire passage. Furthermore, some other lifestyle choices such as smoking may also lead to the development of this infection. If one has a weak immune system, he/she may be able to prone to catching this ailment.
Some of the main sinusitis symptoms include facial pain or pressure, sore throat, loss of one’s ability to smell, congestion and cough and nasal stuffiness. Some additional symptoms which may also occur include fatigue, bad breath, fever and dental pain. There may also be additional symptoms such as facial congestion/fullness, a nasal obstruction/blockage, pus in the nasal cavity, Nasal discharge/discoloured postnasal drainage.
A person may often feel pressure under their eyes, in the nose as well as along the cheekbones. Most often the main distinguishing factor between a cold and a sinus is the fact that more than two symptoms are present along with the presence of thick, green or yellow discharge. A large number of Indians are known to suffer from sinusitis during the year.
Furthermore, those people who suffer from asthma, coronary heart disease and diabetes are extremely vulnerable to developing this infection.
Doctors usually are able to diagnose this ailment by either pressing your sinuses or feeling them to see whether they are tender. He/she may even tap the teeth to see whether you have an inflamed paranasal sinus.
There are two different types which may affect a person. These include acute as well as chronic sinusitis.
Usually the acute one develops after either a person suffers from a cold or flu. It is known to usually clear up within 12 weeks. The latter is known to last for longer than 12 weeks.
There are also a number of other factors which may trigger the onset of this infection. Some of these include lack of sleep, stress, cold as well as extreme weather conditions. It’s iherb coupon